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“Knowledge will forever govern ignorance; and a people who mean to be their own governors must arm themselves with the power which knowledge gives.”

-James Madison



The Lost Horizons News

Mid-Edition Update for July 16, 2018


Please Start Here


Featured In This Update:

Four Questions For Brett Kavanaugh


A Question For All Federal Candidates This Year


Newsletters Are Now Being Archived


A Few Words About Declaration Day, 2018


Donald Trump Hands The CtC Community A Unique And Urgent Opportunity


A Pair Of Old And Useful Windows On Current Events In The Middle East


The Entire Legal And Practical Truth About The Tax In Three Short Sentences


"Tax Honesty" BS Is What Had Doreen In Prison


Notes For An Educated Filer- Whether A First-Timer Or A Veteran


Regarding Daft And Despicable Deniers


Trolls Against The Truth: A Dis-Information Campaign


WANTED! Your Articles!!


BTW, Don't Miss These Items Of Interest:

Regarding State Group Membership


The Educated American's Tax Filing Flow Chart


Why Are You Not Doing This?


Project Paradigm-Shift


Test Your "Income" Tax IQ!


A "Pragmatic" Perspective On The Tax And The Rule Of Law


Illuminating Anniversaries For This Week


And Hey! Don't miss the great stuff in the main page of this edition!


The upgraded Fifteenth Edition of CtC Is Now Available!

Btw, a copy of CtC from anywhere except the link above may not be a current edition. CHECK. It matters. Also, there ARE no e-book, Kindle or .pdf versions of CtC. Don't get taken in by efforts to sell you-- or even give you for free-- any such thing.


"The preservation of a free government requires, not merely that the metes and bounds which separate each department of power be invariably maintained, but more especially that neither of them be suffered to overleap the great barrier which defends the rights of the people. The rulers who are guilty of such encroachment exceed the commission from which they derive their authority, and are TYRANTS. The people who submit to it are governed by laws made neither by themselves nor by an authority derived from them and are slaves….."

-James Madison


No one can guarantee success in all they do in life. But anyone can guarantee that they DESERVE success in anything they do.

Four Questions For Brett Kavanaugh

A little Constitutional-fidelity test for Donald Trump's latest Supreme Court nominee.

So, Article III, Sec. 2 Cl. 3 Says...

ARTICLE III, SEC. 2, CL. 3 of the U.S. Constitution says: "The Trial of all Crimes, except in cases of Impeachment, shall be by Jury..." This language is prescriptory, imposing a mandatory requirement on the government. No excepting language allowing for trial by plea bargain, or authorizing alternative means of adjudicating criminal guilt, is provided, and the inclusion of the one is the exclusion of all others.

Trial by jury is therefore not a "right" or "entitlement" which can be waived by a defendant. While the Sixth Amendment provides for some entitlements that can be so waived, such as a defendant's enjoyment of a "speedy" trial, the trial by jury itself is not made optional by the amendment.

Trial by jury is obligatory; it cannot be waived; and it is a Constitutional violation to pretend that the requirement can be evaded by simply refusing to apply the label "trial" to an alternative proceeding by which criminal responsibility is determined.

WE MADE JURY TRIAL OBLIGATORY to protect us from the sort of state under which the catalog of federal crimes is unconstrained in its growth by any practical considerations; the vast majority of accusations lead to "confessions"; and the People rarely exercise their hugely-important, Leviathan-restraining authority to determine the validity of government-made laws. In other words, we made jury trial obligatory to protect us from what we suffer now.

Those who wrote the Constitution implanted the jury trial requirement because they knew its power as a bulwark of liberty-- the preservation of which is the sole purpose of the state. Their intent is clear in the words of Art. III, Sec. 2, Cl. 3, and in their explanations for those words:

"It is not only his [the juror's] right, but his duty . . . to find the verdict according to his own best understanding, judgment, and conscience, though in direct opposition to the directions of the court."

-John Adams


"I consider trial by jury as the only anchor yet imagined by man by which a government can be held to the principles of its Constitution."

-Thomas Jefferson


"The jury has the right to judge both the law as well as the fact in controversy."

-John Jay


"The friends and adversaries of the plan of the [Constitutional] convention, if they agree on nothing else, concur at least in the value they set upon the trial by jury; or if there is any difference between them it consists of this: the former regard it as a valuable safeguard to liberty, the latter represent it as the very palladium of free government."

-Alexander Hamilton


"If it [jury power] is not law, it is better than law, it ought to be law, and will always be law wherever justice prevails."

-Ben Franklin

In light of the foregoing, it is clear that all federal criminal plea bargains are Constitutional violations.

What say YOU, Brett?


Then There's The Fourth Amendment...


The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.

Does this mean that the People DON'T have a right to be secure against whatever some official subordinate to the Constitution-- which includes judges as well as members of the legislative and executive branches-- deems to be a "reasonable" search and seizure?

Well, first of all, let's remember that the Fourth Amendment came about as a rejection of the British practice of conducting searches and seizures-- under certain government-approved circumstances-- without particularization and sworn attestation of cause. These un-particularized and unsworn searches and seizures were deemed reasonable and necessary exceptions by British courts, and were conducted under what was known as a "general warrant".

Right off the bat, then, it is clear that the Framers did not intend the Fourth Amendment to allow "excepted" searches and seizures under certain circumstances, on the basis of a judicial view that such exceptions are not "unreasonable" (including under the pretense that everyone stepping out into public thereby waives one's "reasonable" privacy rights vis-a-vis the state). It is exactly against the pretense of such exceptions that the Fourth Amendment was imposed.

BUT WE DON'T NEED TO RELY on mere logic and common sense to get to the truth of the matter. Keeping in mind that in the eyes of the Founders and Framers the only way a search could ever be conducted was pursuant to a warrant-- and that deeming searches and seizures conducted under certain circumstances to be "exceptions" to the requirements of the Fourth Amendment is the functional exact equivalent of a "general warrant", lacking only that label-- let's look at what those who wrote and ratified the Fourth Amendment considered to be "unreasonable":

Here, as a first example, is the Fourth Amendment counterpart from the Declaration of Rights in the Pennsylvania Constitution of 1776:

That the people have a right to hold themselves, their houses, papers, and possessions free from search and seizure, and therefore warrants without oaths or affirmations first made, affording a sufficient foundation for them, and whereby any officer or messenger may be commanded or required to search suspected places, or to seize any person or persons, his or their property, not particularly described, are contrary to that right, and ought not to be granted.

Consolidated, this reads: "[T]he people have a right to be free from search and seizure [of any kind-- houses, papers and possessions, with no limiting specifications provided], and therefore warrants [again, the only mechanism recognized at the time by which any kind of search was permitted] ought not be granted without sworn allegations providing a sufficient foundation, and without particularity."

Similarly, the Virginia Declaration of Rights, another early version of the Fourth upon which the federal Constitutional amendment was modeled, reads in pertinent part:

That general warrants, whereby any officer or messenger may be commanded to search suspected places without evidence of a fact committed, or to seize any person or persons not named, or whose offence is not particularly described and supported by evidence, are grievous and oppressive, and ought not to be granted.

That is, "[S]earch[es]...without evidence [which is to say, testimony, which is to say, sworn]...are grievous and oppressive, and ought not be granted."

Both of these contemporaneous alternative versions of the Fourth Amendment plainly declare that searches and seizures without sworn allegations and particularity are unreasonable and prohibited. In fact, the Pennsylvania version expressly declares that any search and seizure unsupported by sworn allegations of cause and/or lacking particularity is contrary to the right Constitutionally asserted and secured therein.

James Madison, in arguing before Congress for the inclusion of the Bill of Rights (and, again, speaking in the context of ALL searches and seizures requiring a warrant), described his intent for the Fourth thusly:

The rights of the people to be secured in their persons; their houses, their papers, and their other property, from all unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated by warrants issued without probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, or not particularly describing the places to be searched, or the persons or things to be seized.

Massachusetts, in its Constitution of 1780, put it this way:

Every subject has a right to be secure from all unreasonable searches, and seizures of his person, his houses, his papers, and all his possessions. All warrants, therefore, are contrary to this right, if the cause or foundation of them be not previously supported by oath or affirmation; and if the order in the warrant to a civil officer, to make search in suspected places, or to arrest one or more suspected persons, or to seize their property, be not accompanied with a special designation of the persons or objects of search, arrest, or seizure: and no warrant ought to be issued but in cases, and with the formalities, prescribed by the laws.

Plainly, the Framers adopted the Fourth Amendment to ensure that all searches conducted anywhere, at any time and under any circumstances other than arrest for conduct just committed are based on prior establishment of probable cause by sworn testimony, with particularity as to what is to be sought and seized. There IS no "reasonable search" exception that can be construed from the amendment.

The "unreasonable" in the Fourth's language doesn't distinguish one kind of search which needs a warrant from another kind that does not. Instead, it serves to label all non-conforming searches as thereby unreasonable and thus barred by the amendment.

But what do YOU think, Brett?


Here's Another Thing: The Constitution DOESN'T Say It's Authority Over State Actors Ends At The Water's Edge...

IT IS ONLY BY VIRTUE of the US Constitution that the federal government exists at all. That government-- and all its officials and agents acting in its name, or with financing and other resources provided under its auspices--  can lawfully do nothing except pursuant to a Constitutional allowance.

By the same token, everything done with government resources by government officials and agents, and everything done pursuant to alleged governmental authority, is subject to all the limitations, restraints, restrictions and requirements imposed by the Constitution. Those limitations, restraints, restrictions and requirements are nowhere made subject to any geographical limitations.

Whither go the power and authority of the United States, then, so go every Constitutional control and specification regarding the exercise of that power and authority.

WHAT THIS ALL MEANS is that setting up and operating places on foreign shores for the torture of prisoners-- or for doing anything with anyone in any way different from how things are done "by the book" in Poughkeepsie or Peoria-- is illegal. Likewise, kidnapping people off the streets of Milan or at the Canadian border or wherever, and handing them over to torturers (or just jailers) in other countries is illegal.

Picking out someone located in a foreign country who isn't even firing on Americans there, much less attacking America itself, and obliterating him with a drone-fired missile sans even any pretense of due process, is illegal. Even just supplying logistical and intelligence assistance to foreign governments in the knowledge it will be used by THEM to do such things is illegal.

For instance, a U.S. intelligence operative supplying satellite data which helps Saudis murder Yemenis is using American-bought and -owned resources in direct violation of the Fifth Amendment. The amendment prohibits the United States from depriving ANY PERSON (not just "any American") of life, liberty or property without due process of law. This prohibition obviously applies to doing these things by proxy or on behalf of others just as much as it does to the operative opening the bomb-bay doors directly.

And the pretense that any such illegal things are spared the proscriptions and prescriptions because Congress has issued an "Authorization for the Use of Military Force" (AUMF) holds no water. Even leaving aside the questionable legitimacy of an AUMF by which the Executive assumes the authority to choose those with whom the United States is at war (see below for more on that), crimes such as those described here are not events occurring in the heat of battle, where some concessions to the exigencies of immediate self-defense are inescapable.

These crimes are coldly calculated and coldly conducted by people in no personal danger whatever. They are committed against people who have never been shown by any fair and reliable process to have ever acted against any American or American interest.

Further, even if Congress could authorize the Executive to pick and choose those against whom he will make war using our stuff, Congress can't authorize him to ignore the Constitution while doing so (and the Judicial branch can't Constitutionally pretend otherwise, in light of the very straightforward terms of the Supremacy Clause).

I'd like to hear your thoughts about all of that, Brett.


Finally, For Now-- Let's Talk About Delegation

HERE'S ANOTHER THING THE CONSTITUTION DOESN'T SAY: that Congress can delegate any of its law-making authority to anyone. In fact, the Constitution says the opposite, expressly vesting such authority exclusively in Congress. Because the Supreme Law makes that call (rather than just empowering Congress to do whatever it wants on all fronts), Congress cannot.

Further, because the Constitution makes that delegation call, and all acts of Congress must be in harmony with it, delegation of law-making authority cannot even be authorized by resort to the "necessary and proper" clause. That clause only provides Congress with law-making latitude in regard to powers vested in any branch of the United States by the Constitution itself, and again, re-delegation isn't among those powers.

SINCE ONLY CONGRESS HAS and can have law-making power (and law-making power means the authority to impose duties of commission and omission-- that is, what anyone must do, and what anyone must not do), it would seem to follow that the executive (and the courts, for that matter) CANNOT impose duties of commission and omission on anyone. That is, no mere regulation promulgated by some executive agency can command or proscribe the action of any American (or anyone else).

Because Congress cannot delegate what the People have delegated to it alone through the Constitution, any act of Congress which doesn't spell out its prescriptions and proscriptions can't have the blanks filled in by bureaucrats at some agency, however convenient such a thing might seem to the legislators or the bureaucrats. We, the People, have directed that our 535 personally-selected representatives are to do the work of filling in all those blanks.

If Congress taking care of its proper responsibilities means that there are an awful lot fewer blanks to fill, well, that's one of the biggest reasons we set things up this way. Our object, in establishing the state and doing so in the manner that we did, was not to initiate or authorize the minute supervision and control of everything any or all of us do. Rather, it was to ensure that we were unhindered in our exercise of liberty and pursuit of happiness in any way not so obviously necessary that it could be readily understood and articulated by any given collection of our representatives.

We were, in framing the Constitution, mindful of the wisdom of Marcus Tullius Ciceroca, who cogently observed: "More laws, less justice". We viewed things the way Thomas Jefferson did, who spoke for all of us in saying, "I would rather be exposed to the inconveniences attending too much liberty than those attending too small a degree of it."

In fact, it can be said as axiomatic that any legislative purpose which requires more effort to spell out in every detail than Congress itself is willing to spend is Constitutionally invalid, and even the impulse to embrace such purposes is deeply suspect. As Tacitus said, "The more corrupt the state, the more it legislates".

SO ALTHOUGH THE SUPREME COURT has shamefully allowed Congressional delegations of legislative authority over the years on one contorted rationale or another, in light of the foregoing the court having done so has been a corruption and all laws not complete in and of themselves as written and enacted by Congress should be deemed unconstitutionally vague. Or so it seems to me...

What's YOUR opinion, Brett? 

"Like a muddied stream or a polluted fountain is the righteous man who gives way before the wicked."

-Proverbs 25:26


"A nation of sheep begets a government of wolves."

-Edward R. Murrow


(Get the pledge text at http://losthorizons.com/ThePledge.pdf)

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A Question For All Federal Candidates This Year

An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure...

I SENT A CHALLENGE THE OTHER DAY to the only Republican candidate for the US House in my district who I would support in any event:

Kerry, I'm seeking agreement from all candidates for federal office on the foreign policy recommendations at losthorizons.com/A/WashingtonWisdom.htm. Can I count on yours?


I LIKE KERRY. Among his many virtues, Kerry was very sympathetic to Doreen during her ordeal; is a regular DDay celebrant with us; and during his previous term in the House (2012-2014), Kerry outperformed the vast majority of the pack in terms of good votes and legislative initiatives-- a fact attested-to by the mainstream Republican establishment fielding a candidate against him (the odious Dave Trott) at its earliest opportunity.

If United States foreign policy weren't a key driver and rationale behind the growth and perpetuation of the massive and dangerous Leviathan state, my litmus test would be unnecessary and I would happily give Kerry my vote. I'd even help pound pavement for him.

BUT US FOREIGN POLICY IS the key driver and rationale behind the Leviathan state. Thus, I have to ask Kerry my question.

That policy, over the last 29 years, especially, has focused on destabilizing portions of the world (or has simply been so confused, incompetent or corruptly-directed as to have that as its invariable outcome, in any event). The chaos and strife that result are used as pretexts for funneling vast amounts of wealth from those who created it into the pockets of the those in the obscenely-swollen military-industrial-congressional complex.

Lunatic and pretense-based foreign policy, then-- invariably justified by resort to the needs of "allies" (who do nothing for us) or the threats of "enemies" (who do nothing to us)-- is the driving force and rationale behind the alleged need for huge tax revenues flowing to Washington. The perception of that need causes many Americans to reflexively support the "ignorance tax" scheme without giving it a moment's critical examination.

James Madison summarizes this dynamic in one grim paragraph:

“Of all the enemies to public liberty war is, perhaps, the most to be dreaded, because it comprises and develops the germ of every other. War is the parent of armies; from these proceed debts and taxes; and armies, and debts, and taxes are the known instruments for bringing the many under the domination of the few. In war, too, the discretionary power of the Executive is extended; its influence in dealing out offices, honors, and emoluments is multiplied; and all the means of seducing the minds, are added to those of subduing the force, of the people. The same malignant aspect in republicanism may be traced in the inequality of fortunes, and the opportunities of fraud, growing out of a state of war, and in the degeneracy of manners and of morals engendered by both. No nation could preserve its freedom in the midst of continual warfare.”

Tom Paine says it in a single sentence:

“Taxes are not raised to carry on wars, wars are raised to carry on taxes.”

IT'S THIS SIMPLE: We can't have an aggressive, imperialistic foreign policy or presence and also have a limited, Constitution-abiding government at home.

We either have today's status quo-- a grossly-and-ever-more-expensive hobgoblin charade, or we have freedom and prosperity for ourselves and our kids.

I'd rather have freedom and prosperity.

My choice (if shared by a sufficiency of other voters) might mean that Raytheon and General Dynamics management and shareholders pocket less gold in the future. And it might mean that Britain, Israel, Egypt and Saudi Arabia must learn how to play well with others (as is lately being done by South Korea and Germany, to the telling condemnation of current US foreign policy beneficiaries).

But that's ok. I think these are small prices to pay in order to secure the heritage for which the Founders shed blood and which I want for my children.

How do you feel about this? And what does YOUR candidate say?

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Newsletters Are Now Being Archived

By popular demand...

HAVING HAD A LOT OF REQUESTS over the years for the resumption of newsletter archiving (which I had done a number of years ago but abandoned due to the load it imposed on my time), I have invested some time in figuring out a more efficient process. I'm happy to say that archiving is now again being done.

Archived editions for 2018 and 2017 are now posted so far; more going further back will be added as time permits. Current newsletter pages will be archived as they are replaced with new editions.

Access The Archive

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A Few Words About Declaration Day, 2018

It could just be one: "Wow!"-- but I'll say a bit more than that anyway...

FIRST OF ALL, I want to thank everyone who came this year and made the Eleventh Annual Declaration Day Party a truly wonderful event-- despite the record heat (we hit 97 that day-- a 108-year record for June 30 in Michigan). Doreen and I had a great time, and all of you are responsible for that.

I didn't have the camera out much this year, so I don't have much in the way of pictures to share, but I do have a few. One in particular gives me a chance to do a special shout-out to Dan and Jane Moore who, in addition to Dan's really outstanding smoked salmon (which he said he made using Alder wood something I now heartily recommend to anyone out there with a smoker), brought this devil's food beauty:

Delicious and delightful, and while the picture doesn't make it clear, this thing was enormous-- big enough to serve everyone in attendance with a piece! (And guys, next time we get down your way we'll bring that giant cooler you made to carry this in, and which you overlooked while packing up in the dark after the fireworks.)

ANOTHER NICE thematic touch was this little gem brought by Jerry and Kathy:

FINALLY, here are a couple of shots of this year's Curmudgeon's Croquet (won for the second year in a row by Dead-Eye George Papp):


(Yes, that's Barney among the otherwise uniformly humanoid pack of political and cultural parasites. Our Katie was at that age at that time. The hatred runs deep.)

ONCE AGAIN, a great time was had by everyone. The food was excellent; the company was better; Sarah's joyful surprise was priceless; and the fireworks on the lake were awesome, as always.

Thanks to you all.

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Donald Trump Has Handed The CtC Community A HUGE Opportunity

However, urgent immediate action is required. Please don't let this gift slip away, people!!!

ON TUESDAY, JULY 3, Donald Trump leaked his "short list" of nominees to replace retiring justice Anthony Kennedy. On the list is Raymond Kethledge, who is distinguished from the rest of the pack by having revealed himself on paper as an oath-breaker and a clever, committed enemy of the Constitution. (On Monday, July 9, Trump named Brett Kavanaugh as his initial nominee, but see this discussion of how that is likely to play out, leaving what is said here unchanged.)

In March of 2016, Kethledge spat squarely on the First Amendment-secured right to freedom of speech and the Fifth Amendment-secured right to due process. Kethledge did this by affirming, with the most corrupt and contorted rationalizations, Doreen Hendrickson's engineered conviction on an unprecedented charge of criminal contempt of court for refusing to make court-ordered sworn declarations that she believes in the truth of government-dictated, government-serving, false testimony.


WANTED: Help setting up "push notifications" from zons.com.

Are you an IT person who can help? Email me, please.


A Pair Of Old And Useful Windows On Current Events In The Middle East

Reaching into the past for information thwarts the agenda of present-day "fake news" mongers.

IT HAS ALWAYS BEEN MY EXPERIENCE that one of the best ways to shield oneself from the effects of propaganda is to look to sources of information from before an issue became someone's cause, or before the spin war began, or became sophisticated, or became self-referential and self-sustaining. Early information is unspun and far more likely to be accurate.

In that vein, I would like to share two older documents regarding places and people in the Middle East, in the hope that they might help support clear thinking about the present-day situation insulated from what has long been a ferocious disinformation campaign attempting to gain control over the future by exercising control over what people are to believe true about the past. What value these docs may have will be up to each reader.



"Section 83" Nonsense


The Entire Legal And Practical Truth About The Income Tax In Three Short Sentences

Focus on these simple points and you can teach anyone the truth about the tax.

1. The income tax is an excise.

2. Excise taxes are taxes on the gainful exercise of privileges.

3. You probably didn't earn your money by exercising any taxable privilege (or earned very little that way).

Inarguable (and nowhere disputed) proof of the first two statements above can be found concisely spelled-out in this little 7-page document. Whether the third is true for any particular person can be determined by consulting this guide to understanding "income-taxable privilege".



"Tax Honesty" BS Is What Had Doreen In Prison

...just as much as does official corruption.

IN MID-SPRING I wrote about "Judge Anna" And Bat-Sh*t Crazy "Birth Certificate" Drivel. In a subsequent newsletter I had need to post an article about a seemingly viral infection of the community based on nonsense about HR1, more distribution of which continues despite my debunk.

Over the years I have posted dozens of debunks of dozens of similar packages of nonsense, as can be seen here. These debunks are thorough and dispositive. Continued promotion of any of them can only be seen as the deliberate sowing of disinformation and discord.

These endless injections of distracting and misleading gibberish (whether obvious gibberish or subtler gibberish that actually gives a surface impression of harmonizing with, or even supplementing the truth about the tax) serve-- either deliberately or mindlessly-- to keep the community out of focus and disunited in purpose. Thus, this community is rendered a blunt instrument at best, where a razor-sharp stake for the vampire's breast is needed.

Thus, the weight brought to bear on that stake, whatever the condition of its point, is light when it ought to be-- and needs to be-- crushingly heavy.



Now, THIS Is What I'm NOT Talking About!!

A simple way for everyone to get a lot done, fast, that no one is doing.

SO, MONTHS AGO I posted the following on this page (and it has remained here ever since):

IF EVERY STATE GROUP (or anyone else) were to devote some time and effort to scheduling and hosting presentations of this video to CPA and legal firms, a whole lot of good could be done in a very short order.

The requirements are simple. Book an hour with the chosen firm, with the understanding that all professional staff will be assembled for the presentation. A thoughtful introduction should make this inexpensive and easy.

Explain that all you are asking for is an opportunity to show a video in which some facts about the income tax are revealed on the basis of which tens of thousands of Americans have recovered $billions from the IRS and three dozen state tax agencies over the course of more than 14 years now, by way of a quarter of a million claims made with the tax agencies, and even in the face of agency resistance of several different kinds.



A Wise Warrior On What's Really At Stake


DON DON LA VIGNE, a long-time warrior and real American grown-up, shares a nice and inspiring testimonial on what CtC has done for him for over nine years now:


"Like a muddied stream or a polluted fountain is the righteous man who gives way before the wicked."

-Proverbs 25:26


"A nation of sheep begets a government of wolves."

-Edward R. Murrow


(Click on Saruman to see what he means...)


See Who's Really Been Lying About The Tax


Daft And Despicable Deniers

What the hell is wrong with these people?!


CAN YOU EVEN IMAGINE how abysmally stupid someone would have to be to continue to doubt or deny that CtC has revealed the actual, complete and insurmountable truth about the income tax in light of the overwhelming mountain of historical, legal, practical and logical evidence to the contrary? (Not to mention the outright lies and even ludicrous hoaxes the executive and some corrupt members of the judiciary have been caught at in desperate efforts to conceal the truth...)

Plainly any such denier must either be abysmally stupid or be an abysmally corrupt government official or other person who sees him or herself as benefitting from the lies about the tax by which America has suffered for 75 years now. Isn't this true?



A Few Good Folks With Good and Important Things To Say:

Find this film on YouTube at youtu.be/K0CYo57I3ks


How Do You Know When The State Is Lying?

An old joke, but in regard to this deceiver, not a laughing matter at all.

““When principles that run against your deepest convictions begin to win the day, then battle is your calling, and peace has become sin; you must, at the price of dearest peace, lay your convictions bare before friend and enemy, with all the fire of your faith.

-Abraham Kuyper


Assessing The Damage From The Misapplication Of The Income Tax

Man, are Americans getting ripped off...!


Looking For A Litigator Who Wants To Do Well While Doing Good

THE FOLLOWING DOCUMENT presents details of a long-running (and still-ongoing) violation of the speech, conscience and due-process rights of two Americans. The offenses, in a nutshell, involve a federal district court attempting to dictate to these two folks-- word for word-- sworn "testimony" they are ordered to make in a legal contest with the government.

Click the link below to read the brief. You'll find it thoroughly supported with relevant testimony by the chief perpetrator and other similarly unambiguous exhibits.

The Civil Rights Lawsuit Documentation

"Power concedes nothing without a demand. It never did and it never will. Find out just what any people will quietly submit to and you have the exact measure of the injustice and wrong which will be imposed on them, and these will continue till they have been resisted with either words or blows, or with both. The limits of tyrants are prescribed by the endurance of those whom they suppress."

-Frederick Douglass

"It does not take a majority to prevail... but rather an irate, tireless minority, keen on setting brushfires of freedom in the minds of men."

-Samuel Adams


"A slave is one who waits for someone to come and free him."

-Ezra Pound


A Michigan Version Of The "Watching The Watchmen" Amendment Has Been Proposed


Did you know…

 …The US may be the only country in the world where people working in the non-federal private sector must commit perjury in order to owe and pay ‘God’s things to Caesar’?

If you work in the private sector, stop falsely swearing that your private-sector earnings are federal “income”1.  Perjury is a crime.  Exercise the law’s provision for protecting your private-sector earnings from the 154-year-old2 indirect excise known as the federal income tax.  Rebut fraudulent allegations made by your payers regarding the legal nature of your work and the earnings derived therefrom, so that you pay only your fair share.  Join the hundreds of thousands of honest, law-abiding Americans who have been doing so for more than a decade.  Learn how for free at losthorizons.com.

1--“We must reject… …the broad contention submitted in behalf of the government that all receipts—everything that comes in—are income…”.

United States Supreme Court, So. Pacific v. Lowe, 247 U.S. 330, (1918)

2—The income tax in the United States was first instituted into law on July 1, 1862, during Lincoln’s presidency under the excise laws of the United States.   The preamble to the 1939 Internal Revenue Code traces its roots to this original income tax law.


Get this flyer as a printable .pdf here

Get this flyer as a multi-piece printable .pdf here


Poisonous Pieties

Now click here to learn the truth about the myths that have kept you from knowing the truth about the income tax


Trolls Against The Truth: A Dis-Information Campaign

UNLESS YOU'VE LOOKED, you can have no idea of the volume, intensity and mendacity deployed in the government's efforts to discourage Americans from learning what is revealed in CtC. It's truly astonishing.

A lot of folks are aware of the show-trial events in which my wife and I have received state-engineered public beatings meant to scare people away from the truth about the "ignorance tax" scam. But many are unaware of the overall campaign. This is a shame, really, because a focused propaganda effort like this one is a very powerful acknowledgement of the significance of CtC's revelations.

While the majority of Americans do not yet know how CtC protects them from the vampire state, the vampire itself certainly does. Dis-information campaigns like this one make that very clear.


FORMER CBS REPORTER SHERYL ATKISSON describes some aspects of this sort of dis-information campaign in the following video. Despite the annoying preliminary 15 seconds or so of advertising, her presentation is very much worth watching:

(H/T to Greg Belcher for finding and forwarding this great presentation.)

Losthorizons.com is one of those websites specifically-targeted by the corrupt interests at Wikipedia described by Atkisson. The behind-the-scenes folks at that site won't allow links on their pages to anything posted at losthorizons.com, nor even just text corrections of misinformation in their pages about the income tax.

That's the least of it. Click here for some specific discussion of the enormous scare campaign that's been actively spreading false information in hope of discouraging legitimate media attention, as well as men and women simply seeking the truth about the tax and liberty from the scourge of the "ignorance tax".

PLEASE GIVE SOME SERIOUS THOUGHT to the fact that YOU being secure in your own freedom rests on others learning the truth as well, and recognize that it falls to you to help overcome the dis-information campaign. Post and share your videos; share your victories; help silence the agents-provocateur and distraction-injectors whose nonsense is discussed and debunked here; and widely (and frankly, impatiently) share this page, this page and this page, challenging everyone in your address book to disconnect the phone and the TV for an afternoon and get educated.

Doing these things will be what makes it happen, Cap'n.

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An Excellent New Video About The Government Effort To Suppress CtC Has Hit YouTube!

DEREK CUSHMAN HAS POSTED a powerful presentation on government lies, propaganda and misinformation about CtC designed to discourage more Americans from reading the book and getting free of the misadministration of the tax:

You can also find this film on YouTube at https://youtu.be/V3_MViZDvo0 and on Vimeo at https://vimeo.com/175424277.

Watch it and share it, folks. This film will help a lot of people who have been taken in by the lies understand how they've been manipulated, and prompt a proper desire to learn the truth about the tax.

Well done, Derek!

P.S. If there were a thousand videos out there debunking government lies and encouraging Americans to learn the truth like this one does, the "ignorance tax" scheme would collapse in a month. So, where's yours?


Please Help losthorizons.com Be As Effective As Possible!

OVER THE LAST FEW YEARS I've heard from a number of folks that a firewall known as "Comodo" blocks access to this website. This is apparently a glitch in that program. This site is safe, as can be seen by going here.

Please share this info with others in your own address book so it gets around-- obviously those suffering the ill effects of this defect in Comodo won't be able to see it here themselves until they go into their firewall settings and manually whitelist losthorizons.com.

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WANTED! Your Article!!

Sharpen those quills, people!

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Why Aren't People Suing?


In Passing... Three cheers for Russia, which has stepped up to join Iran in aid of its long-time ally Syria against the noxious "Islamic State" nutcases that have sprung up like toadstools in the wake of the destabilization of the Middle East by the noxious neocon nutcases running Washington for the last 15 years.


More Educated Americans Testify, Showing Why The Deep State Fears CtC

"If the taxpayers of this country ever discovered that we operate on 98% bluff, the entire system will collapse."

-Reported remark by an internal revenue service officer to Sen. Henry E. Bellmon (R. Okla.) on April 15, 1971.


"The Tax Code represents the genius of legal fiction...  The IRS has never really known why people pay the income tax... The IRS encourages voluntary compliance, through FEAR."

-Jack Warren Wade Jr., former IRS officer in charge of the IRS Nationwide Revenue Officer Training Program, in his book ‘When You Owe The IRS’

CtC-EDUCATED, AMERICAN HERITAGE-LOVING grown-up Don La Vigne shares his testimony here. Tom Romin shares his testimony here. Greg Sutton shares his here. Enjoy Robert Harvey's testimony here. Don's, Tom's and Greg's and Robert's words, like those of others that can be found here, are solid examples of why the Deep State fears CtC.

It's this simple: If you study CtC you will know the truth about the tax. Further, you will know that you know the truth, beyond any doubt.

ONLY CtC will give you that certainty, because CtC is exclusively and uniquely complete and correct, as can be seen by any of thousands of different acknowledgements of every possible kind, from this to this to this to this.

Most telling, in its own way, is the government robotically resorting for years now to the strawman of falsely ascribing to CtC the ridiculous arguments that "wages are not income" and that only federal, state and local government workers are subject to the tax. This false ascription is then used as the basis for claiming the book is "false and frivolous"-- a lame and transparent dodge begging the question of why the state won't acknowledge what the book REALLY says and then attempt to dispute THAT.

Once you know the truth revealed in CtC, acting in accordance with that truth WILL liberate you from being an ignorance tax serf. This, the deep state fears mightily.

LIKE HENRY BELLMON WAS TOLD, the "ignorance tax" scheme relies on bluff-- pretending that the truth is what the government suggests that it is (despite what the law and the courts and every other authority have actually been saying about it for 150 years). And like Jack Warren Wade, Jr. says, the scheme relies on fear-- doing everything possible to make people afraid to act on their scheme-shattering knowledge of the truth.

In short, the "ignorance tax" scheme can only survive if Americans can be bluffed into not seeking out the truth, and if those who learn that truth can be discouraged from acting on that truth.

But those who know the truth, and know they know the truth, cannot not act.

Acting on the truth is a moral imperative, as well as a legal imperative.

The undaunted actions of those who know the truth are "calls" against the bluff. Each "call" ratchets-up the spread of the truth exponentially and forces state acknowledgement of that truth, one way or another; and each such acknowledgment takes America one step closer to freedom from the 75-year state-unleashing, people-restraining "ignorance tax" scheme.

And THAT's why the deep state fears CtC.

"Be the change you want to see in the world."

-Mohandas Gandhi

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A New Policy

I HAVE DONE MY BEST to lead this country to liberty from the mis-applied income tax. I have labored hard. I've shed a lot of sweat, a fair bit of blood and more than a few tears. But I seem to be pretty poor at that kind of work.

When I have asked all of you for what I firmly believe is a necessary resource to move the ball downfield and give all of us the best chance at justice and an end to the assault on the rule of law-- simple testimonial videos requiring nothing from any of you but the phone in your pocket and three minutes of speaking from the heart-- I have had only a handful of people answer my call.

I CAN'T KEEP GOING THIS WAY. I have to be able to turn my attention away from writing new persuasive or skepticism-addressing articles week after week, and toward research, analysis and educational presentations that will benefit everyone already in this community. I need time to do some suing, and to bring together the resources and talent toward that end.

As said, it is my firm belief that your testimonial videos are the resource that I need to make big things happen, and they are unquestionably the thing I need to allow me to turn my attention away from trying to get horses to drink at the waterhole to which I have led them. Your words, in your great numbers and all in your own different ways, will do that better than anything I write possibly could.

And yet, you are not providing them. This, despite my having been asking you for them for many years now.

Therefore, with enormous reluctance, I am making portions of this website restricted access only. People have been urging me to do this for years now, telling me I should impose a charge to access my work-product, so as to enable me to keep producing.

I have never been inclined to charge fees for access. I ask for donations, and will continue to do that, and if they do not come, then I will conclude that my work is of no value to anyone, and I will close shop.

But I now WILL charge a special something for access to some key portions of that work-- testimonial videos, as discussed, described and demonstrated here.

SELECTED PAGES CONSTITUTING primarily "legal resources" pages now require passwords for access, and to get a password, I need your video. Similarly, if an email comes my way asking for guidance or assistance, it had best have a video attached, if I don't already have yours posted.

I hate to play it this way, but I want to win.

I'll tell you a story from when I was coaching my kids in soccer. Both of my kids at a certain age in their careers had run into a wall common to all but the very exceptional. They had gotten to be pretty good, and they wanted to enjoy the benefits of their hard work. But the arrival of this interest coincided with a new self-consciousness which made them reluctant to risk failing and looking foolish. So, they were hanging back from seizing the main chance when it appeared, and driving for the goal.

My solution was to post on the wall of our dining room a couple of simple points about self-discipline, the chief of which is this: You can't score a goal if you don't take a shot.

That's how it is here, too. If you don't stand up, you are laying down, and you'll never score that goal.

Here is what my kids live by now, in their own version of that lesson. I hear it from them all the time as they excel (accompanied by the sound of a father's breast swelling with pride): Go hard, or go home.

You, too. Go hard, or go home. Send those videos.

Do I ask for a lot? I want your victories to post, your financial support, your efforts at spreading the word, and your beautiful faces and inspiring words, too. It IS a lot.

But I'll let Thomas Paine explain:

"Tyranny, like hell, is not easily conquered; yet we have this consolation with us, that the harder the conflict, the more glorious the triumph. What we obtain too cheaply, we esteem too lightly. Heaven knows how to put a proper price on its goods; and it would be strange indeed, if so celestial an article as freedom should not be highly rated.”

Fear nothing but God.

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Give Yourself A 30% Raise: A New Flyer


What Makes YOU A Warrior For The Truth?

We each have our reasons, and our story. It's time, and it's needed, for you to share yours with the world.


"The day we see truth and do not speak is the day we begin to die."

-Martin Luther King, Jr.

What does it for you?

Is it simply because no moral and upstanding person has any choice when it comes to telling the truth over his or her signature, whether on tax forms or anywhere else?

Is it recognition of the critical importance of the rule of law, and the knowledge that if everybody leaves its caretaking to someone else, it will soon be lost to us completely?

Is it the money?

Maybe it's just simple respect for your own rights as a human being, who is not and cannot be not involuntarily subordinated to others?

Maybe it's just simple respect for your general civic responsibility to be the grown-up and enforce frugality and restraint on a big, powerful creature of our own devising which otherwise is like a badly-raised teenage boy given whiskey and car keys and let loose on the road to wreak havoc?

Or is it, perhaps, a more acute anxiety that if our bonfire of a state isn't damped, and quickly, it'll soon burn down the house around us all?

What IS it that firms up your jaw and stiffens your resolve?

It's time to take off the bushel and share your light!

I would like you to think about what it is that motivates you for a few moments (or all day, if you like), and then send me your thoughts. I want to put YOUR reasons to work inspiring folks who don't yet understand what this is all about.

In this day and age, the most effective way for you to share your thinking for the benefit of others is to video-record yourself talking about how you feel, and explaining what inspires and motivates YOU.

All you need is a webcam or cell-phone equipped with a camera. If you don't have, or know how to use, one of these, have a friend help.

If needed, write a little script for yourself. Better, though, to just speak extemporaneously, after spending a little time sorting out your thoughts and getting down into your heart. Perhaps make it a video of someone in your family, or a close friend, interviewing you.

Dress "business casual". Be well-groomed.

Keep yourself to no more than 2 or 3 minutes, and keep in mind that the purpose is not to educate, but to INSPIRE, ENCOURAGE and ENERGIZE. Your video will be one of many to be shared.

You needn't feel any obligation to be profound, and you shouldn't try to explain anything about the law, other than to say that you have read it and you know it's on your side. You just need to be sincere, and uplifting. Your object is to make your audience want to have what you have, and to be where you are in your heart.

Keep in mind that you're speaking to an audience that doesn't yet know ANYTHING about the subject, and whose first reaction is, "This must be illegal; this must be dangerous; this is too good to be true." You want to pull that audience right past such things, and straight to a focus on truth, morality, and our American heritage of liberty and the rule of law.


Speak about rights. Speak about morality, and the obligation of a grown-up and responsible person to speak the truth and to enforce the Constitution. Speak about everyone's duty to give to God what is God's, always, and to Caesar only what is really Caesar's. Speak of your obligation to respect yourself, and to look out for the current and future well-being of your children and your fellow citizens. Speak of CtC, and what its information has done for your understanding and resolve. Show the book.

If you have had victories, describe them. Better still, show them, if possible.

Be clear about just what you accomplished: EVERYTHING back-- Social Security, Medicare and all; a "notice of deficiency" closing notice; an on-paper agreement or acknowledgment that your earnings weren't subject to the tax and everything withheld or paid-in was an "overpayment"; a transcript showing all $0s; or whatever happened.

When you speak of state victories, name the state. If you had to overcome balkiness from a tax agency before winning any victory, describe that, too!

If you're in a battle now, speak of your resolve to uphold the law, come what may. If you haven't yet begun to act, speak of your decision to do so, and your plans.

Remember, your purpose is to INSPIRE, ENCOURAGE and ENERGIZE.

If you're dealing with ongoing balkiness, describe that, too, if you wish-- but be sure to explain why you're not discouraged, and why you are not standing down, not slinking back into the barn, and not choosing to endorse the lies.

Mention what you do for a living, whether you're a doctor, homemaker, lawyer, trucker, IT guy or gal, or a retiree or student. Help people understand that the company of grown-up activist Americans they are being invited to join cuts across all demographics and all interests-- with the common denominator being respect for the law and love of the principles on which this great country was founded.

This is your chance to get a LOT accomplished.

We've all had frustrating occasions of trying to explain all this to a friend, neighbor, family member or co-worker, only to pile up against the wall of a mind not yet ready to listen and learn. Here is your chance to address a self-selected audience of folks who have themselves decided that it's time for them to begin paying attention, and have clicked on your testimonial for exactly that reason.

Further, think about this: You want judges, bureaucrats, CPAs, lawyers, the HR people where you work, your pastors, your neighbors and everyone else to acknowledge the truth about the tax openly and straightforwardly. How and why would these folks do this if YOU won't?

You want these folks to learn the truth. Why would they even recognize that there is a truth to be learned if you won't attest to having learned it yourself? You've got to stand up, face forward and chin up and tell these folks that you have studied and checked and verified and seen the evidence and seen the government evasions and you know that the tax is not the capitation that the beneficiary government wants everyone to think it is but a benign, but strictly limited thing, and that they need to study and learn that, too.

Again, if you have victories to show, that's nice, and powerful, too. But you don't have to have victories to display in order to declare your knowledge of what the law says. I've never flown around the world, but I've seen the evidence and considered the arguments, and I'm not hesitant to declare it a sphere...

Even those of you who haven't yet studied CtC have surely read this short document, and have verified everything in it for yourself. You should therefore be declaring its veracity and its message, loud and proud. Again, if you won't say it, how can you hope that others will ever even bother to look at the facts?

Be the change you want to see in the world, or there won't be any change.

So, please make and send those videos right away! You can share them with me via a cloud-based drive space like OneDrive.Live.com or GoogleDrive, or mail DVDs to me at 232 Oriole St., Commerce Twp., Michigan 48382, or even email to me if each file is no more than 20 megs (and you can break a video up if need be-- I can reassemble them). Render as .mpg or mp4, if possible; if not, send them how you have them and I'll make them work.

Remember, the restoration of institutional respect for individual rights and the rule of law depends on enough individuals insisting upon it. Do your part to let those starting to rub the sleep from their eyes know that there is a community already waiting for their fellowship with open arms and open hearts and shining spirits.

See how some of your fellow warriors for the truth have done their parts in videos sent over the years, many of which are posted here.

"It does not take a majority to prevail... but rather an irate, tireless minority, keen on setting brushfires of freedom in the minds of men."

-Samuel Adams

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The Crime of the Misapplied Income Tax


Was Grandpa Really A Moron?

Critical Inquiries for a New American Century

Bob’s Bicycles


Getting Free Of The "Income" Tax Scheme Is As Easy As Falling Off A Bike



To get an idea of how today's "income" tax scheme works, try this little exercise:


Think of the federal government as a guy named Bob, who lives down the street from you in a town that is really big on bicycles. Bikes get used for commuting, deliveries, shopping, etc.. In fact, other than walking, bicycles are the exclusive form of transportation in your town.

Your neighbor Bob has a by-the-mile bicycle-renting business-- "Bob's Bicycles". Bob's Bicycles is far and away the biggest business in town.

Part of Bob’s success is because he does a lot of contract business. However, Bob doesn't just get paid by riders who have signed an agreement with him, or even just those using Bob's bikes. Bob gets something every time anybody in town does any riding at all, through an odd combination of circumstances that took many years to come together.


Here's how it happened...


Bob's Bicycles was launched long ago by the great grandfather of the present Bob (Bob IV). Great Grandpa Bob started out not only with a main location for his contract business-- he also had the bright idea of setting up spots around town where he parked some of his bikes for use by the more occasional rider, on an "honor system". Anyone could take and use one of these bikes, but they were expected to keep track of their mileage, and send Bob a "1040 Mileage Ridden/Rent Due Form" (and the appropriate rent), periodically. The initial design of the form was like this:


I, ______________, rode a Bob's Bicycle a total of _____ miles this year.

At Bob's rental rate of $.15 per mile, I owe Bob $______


I said that Great Grandpa Bob planned to deal with these occasional riders on the "honor system", and that's true. But he liked his money, too, and didn't want to miss anything that was due him. So, after setting up the "self-serve" locations, Great Grandpa Bob went around handing out "W-2, 1099 or K-1 Rider Reporting Forms" to every other business in town. The forms-- accompanied by notices that if Bob didn't get his rent from someone riding a bicycle in connection with any business, he would sue the company involved-- said:


Click here to enjoy the rest of this illuminating little parable

(...and if you want to see a liberating transformation take place THIS YEAR, forward this file to everyone in your address book.)

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You Can’t Fight Well When You Don’t Know What You’re Fighting About

If you are having an argument with the IRS or any other tax agency,

  • You are NOT being presumed to have made “corporate profit”.

  • You are NOT being alleged to have received “foreign income”.

  • You are NOT entangled in an invisible “adhesion contract”.

  • You are NOT being obligated by a law whose subject is never identified.

You are being targeted because REAL EVIDENCE exists that YOU PERSONALLY HAD “INCOME” to which the revenue laws apply-- even though that evidence is almost certainly incorrect, and CAN be corrected.

There IS "A Law" By Which You Can Be Made Liable, And This Is How It Works

Now Learn How To Be Master Of The Situation

See the Proof

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Photographed on 1-70 in Missouri. America is waking up.


Do You Know What Happens When YOU Decide To "Let Someone Else Do It"?



"I am only one, but I am one. I cannot do everything, but I can do something. What I can do, I should do and, with the help of God, I will do."

-Everett Hale

(...and every other person who ever really deserved liberty)


"God grants liberty only to those who love it, and are always ready to guard and defend it."

-Daniel Webster


"A nation of sheep will beget a government of wolves."

-Edward R. Murrow





Get this graphic as a printable/postable/mailable .pdf

Browse other transformational-truth-spreading tools

Test Your "Income" Tax IQ!

CtC WARRIOR SanDiegoScott has put together a great little 20-question quiz to test your knowledge of the law regarding the United States "income" tax. Test yourself, test your friends and family! Test your accountant and tax attorney, and help them learn the liberating truth!!

Click here to take the test

Find more quizzes here

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CtC Videos And Audio Resources


"Never must thou take up a false cry, or join hands with the guilty by giving false witness in their favor. Never must thou follow with the crowd in doing wrong, or be swayed by many voices so as to give false judgment; even pity for the poor must not sway thee when judgment is to be given."

-Exodus 23:1-3


Doing A Little High-Payoff Math

IF EACH PERSON receiving this newsletter each week distributed as few as 100 of any of the great outreach tools featured here to co-workers, friends, neighbors and family members (or just strangers on the street, in the mall, etc...), we could have SEVERAL MILLION new Americans suddenly introduced to the liberating truth about the tax!

Just like that! In one week!

C'mon, people, let's roll on this!

“Most of the important things in the world have been accomplished by people who have kept on trying when there seemed to be no hope at all.”

‑Dale Carnegie

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Spread The Truth


A Few Tips For Making Best Use Of This WebSite



When directed to a page by topic or link, read everything.

I know that this can mean the investment of a lot of time, attention and effort, but although some may imagine otherwise, I don't write as much as I do because I can't think of any other way to spend my time...

Furthermore, when you encounter a hyperlink within, or associated with, the text you are reading, follow it!

It is pretty common these days for web-based material to be littered with hyperlinks. Sometimes the purpose is to provide definitions or examples, in order to ensure that folks reading the original material aren't presented with a word or reference which they don't understand. Sometimes the links lead to illustrations pertinent to the original text.

It is common-- and perfectly understandable-- for folks who are confident that they are familiar with language or references within the main text they are reading to get in the habit of skipping over included links. I do it all the time, myself!

However, I very rarely include links for definitional or explanatory purposes; and when I DO make a link out of text in one page it is generally to another self-contained page, rather than merely illustrative material. These other pages contain material the clear understanding of which I deem highly important for the proper and complete understanding of the original page. (Links to CtC, the Victories pages, CtC Warriors and so on are obvious exceptions to this general rule. On the other hand, a link to the victory Highlights or 'Every Which Way But Loose' pages, which might seem like such exceptions, are not. The special selection of victories on those pages, and the filed docs and tax-agency correspondences included therewith, themselves constitute highly instructive material which merits careful attention. Thus care needs to be taken in all cases.)

Please make a habit of clicking on all provided links and at least looking briefly to ensure that the linked page is one with which you are completely familiar from another study session.

Finally, please keep in mind that, annoying though it may seem at first blush (but not, I trust, upon reflection), I constantly tweak material already posted. Obviously this doesn't mean that every page is in flux at all times, but it does mean that if you are directed to a page that IS familiar, it's worthwhile to read it through again if it's been a while since your last having done so.


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"Those who will not reason, are bigots, those who cannot, are fools, and those who dare not, are slaves."

-George Gordon (Lord) Byron