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“Knowledge will forever govern ignorance; and a people who mean to be their own governors must arm themselves with the power which knowledge gives.”

-James Madison



The Lost Horizons News

Mid-Edition Update for August 13, 2018


Please Start Here


Featured In This Update:

An Open Letter To Lew Rockwell, William Anderson, Paul Craig Roberts, Tom DiLorenzo...


CtC: Western Civilization's Best Weapon In The Culture War


A Nice $97,271.45 Federal Refund


Four Questions For Brett Kavanaugh


A Question For All Federal Candidates This Year


Newsletters Are Now Being Archived


Donald Trump Hands The CtC Community A Unique And Urgent Opportunity


A Pair Of Old And Useful Windows On Current Events In The Middle East


The Entire Legal And Practical Truth About The Tax In Three Short Sentences


"Tax Honesty" BS Is What Had Doreen In Prison


Notes For An Educated Filer- Whether A First-Timer Or A Veteran


Regarding Daft And Despicable Deniers


Trolls Against The Truth: A Dis-Information Campaign


WANTED! Your Articles!!


BTW, Don't Miss These Items Of Interest:

Regarding State Group Membership


The Educated American's Tax Filing Flow Chart


Why Are You Not Doing This?


Project Paradigm-Shift


Test Your "Income" Tax IQ!


A "Pragmatic" Perspective On The Tax And The Rule Of Law


Illuminating Anniversaries For This Week


And Hey! Don't miss the great stuff in the main page of this edition!


The upgraded Fifteenth Edition of CtC Is Now Available!

Btw, a copy of CtC from anywhere except the link above may not be a current edition. CHECK. It matters. Also, there ARE no e-book, Kindle or .pdf versions of CtC. Don't get taken in by efforts to sell you-- or even give you for free-- any such thing.


"The preservation of a free government requires, not merely that the metes and bounds which separate each department of power be invariably maintained, but more especially that neither of them be suffered to overleap the great barrier which defends the rights of the people. The rulers who are guilty of such encroachment exceed the commission from which they derive their authority, and are TYRANTS. The people who submit to it are governed by laws made neither by themselves nor by an authority derived from them and are slaves….."

-James Madison


No one can guarantee success in all they do in life. But anyone can guarantee that they DESERVE success in anything they do.

An Open Letter To Lew Rockwell, William Anderson, Paul Craig Roberts, Tom DiLorenzo...

...Tom Woods, Robert Higgs, Ray McGovern, Jon Rappoport, Chuck Baldwin, Justin Raimondo, Bruce Fein, Alex Newman, Karen Kwiatkowski, G. Edward Griffin, Glenn Greenwald, Kris Anne Hall, Sheryl Attkisson, John Whitehead, Radley Balko, L. Neil Smith, Stephen Lendman, James Corbett and Philip Giraldi.

And by "open letter" I mean a letter from me that I'm counting on YOU to send to each and every one of these folks, from whom I have been getting nothing but crickets, and who I must suspect, therefore, are being blocked somehow from getting my emails...

Just click on a name above, which should launch your email client with the recipient you have chosen in the "To" field. Copy the whole letter below and paste it into the message field, checking to be sure the formatting and links came through intact. Then fill in the name, put in whatever you think will be an effective, attention-getting subject-line (and an introduction, as well, if you wish*), and hit send.


Mr. ______________,

FOR MONTHS, IF NOT YEARS, I have diligently struggled to draw your attention to a hugely-important body of facts and an unprecedented series of related events over the past 15 years, all thoroughly-documented. I email you every week. You may even have gotten snail-mail from me in my effort to get noticed.

What I am struggling to show you is the one path that can be taken by American citizens to regain control of their government, shut down the hugely dangerous empire and restore the republic, liberty and the real rule of law.

This unique and thoroughly-proven path invokes all individual Americans' acute self-interest and resolute participation, as well as their justified sense of outrage. It is immune to the foibles and weaknesses of the political process and requires no approval or cooperation of any official.

Your persistent silence in response is extremely disheartening. It is also allowing to slip from America's fingers a unique opportunity to halt and reverse our slide into darkness.

PLEASE read the following summary, explanation and entreaty. I have to believe that somehow everything I have sent to you before has just been pooh-poohed away without examination, as an exercise in the economy of pigeon-holing things based on what we imagine they must be.

I understand the necessity of the pigeon-holing practice, as inundated as we all are by constant competition for our attention. But in this case it is disastrously misapplied.

In hopes of getting you to forego it this time and give me a chance, please open the one-page .pdf here showing one recent event. Upon opening it you will see a $97,000 federal refund of everything-- FICA and all-- secured last month by a couple of good folks after an unusual amount of IRS vetting, with about $1,000 in interest added on for the extra two months of delay in its issuance while that extra vetting was done.

You will also find links to the return which produced that complete refund; to documentation of the vetting that it underwent; and to about 1,300 other such examples I have posted on my website, as a representative sampling of the 250,000 such events, totaling $billions, over the past 15 years-- to the fact of which the DoJ and IRS have admitted in court, as you will see.

NOW THAT I MIGHT HAVE your attention for at least a bit, I am going to summarize what I have sent you previously and then do my best to make clear why I believe it will (or should) matter to you, once fairly taken in.

  • I have provided you with indisputable proof that I HAVE uncovered and laid out an 80-year-old scheme to misrepresent the income tax to the American people and exploit the resulting misunderstanding to the tune of $trillions in improperly extracted funds. It is those $trillions which have grown and maintained the Leviathan state.

  • I have shown you the true legal nature of the income tax, along with specific examples of its misrepresentation by both the IRS and certain members of the US judiciary, in an easily-read, easily-understood seven-page document.

  • I have shown you proof of the immediate IRS and DOJ efforts to enjoin from publication the book in which I first revealed the truth about tax, beginning the week it was first published in 2003.

  • I have shown you proof that within four months of that publication I became the first American in history to receive a 100% refund of EVERYTHING withheld from me under the income tax and given to the feds-- including Social security and Medicare taxes.

  • I have shown you proof that since I first published the truth about tax, tens of thousands of other Americans have themselves recovered everything from both the feds and more than 36 different state and local governments, on hundreds of thousands of occasions now, totaling $billions.

  • I have shown you proof that after the failure of those initial efforts by a very nervous Leviathan to enjoin publication of my work-- knowledge of which which was already spreading rapidly into the "tax honesty" activist community (and which was already being pirated and distributed in unknown numbers in the form of unauthorized .pdfs of my first book)-- the IRS and DOJ co-opted a federal judge into signing fraudulent "summary" rulings written by the DOJ. The summary ruling "found" that:

  1. my book makes ridiculous arguments about the law which it does not (the judge later admitted to never having read the book)-- a fraud obviously committed because the government CANNOT dispute the arguments I DO make;

  2. that the first-ever refund (and the next one I secured the following year) were issued by the IRS by mistake (relying on an unsigned "informal examination report" produced by an anonymous purported IRS examiner who admitted to never having actually done an examination)-- a fraud committed because those refunds were NOT mistakes, and CANNOT be honestly and legitimately challenged in their legal and technical propriety; and that

  3. those two refunds were secured by returns which my wife and I did not believe to be true, despite our repeated sworn affirmation of the content of those returns; despite the government having never produced the contrary returns of its own which are mandated by law if it believes filed returns to be false; and despite the judge who signed the ruling having never laid eyes on a human being throughout the entire proceeding, and thus being in no position to conclude anything about anyone's beliefs or sincerity in any event.

The ruling also attempted to "workaround" the government's shortfalls by ordering my wife and I to repudiate our sworn returns and replace them with returns containing content dictated by the government, which we were to swear was our own testimony, with no indication of coercion permitted. We were also ordered to not file returns in the future based on the arguments falsely ascribed to my book, in support of the pretense that our filed returns were based on these frivolous positions. See both orders here. Despite all this baloney, no assessments of tax have ever been made against my wife and me for the years involved.

  • I have shown you proof that when no one was fooled by the outcome of the fraudulent civil suit described above, and complete refunds continued to be demanded and issued at an ever-increasing pace, I was made the victim of an engineered conviction two years later on criminal charges of having filed returns I allegedly did not believe true. The conviction was secured in part by the presiding judge refusing to let the jury to see the actual text of relevant statutes (even after its own request) and requiring it to deliberate with prosecution-written "substitutes" instead, and the presentation to the jury of the fraudulent civil suit ruling as "evidence" against me, without any associated witness or other opportunity to reveal the background on the ruling outlined above.

  • I have shown you proof that when even my "conviction" didn't stop anyone who had studied my research from securing complete refunds based on that work, the increasingly-desperate government began assaulting my wife. This good woman was charged with "criminal contempt of court" for refusing to make the false tax returns ordered in the civil case "ruling", and for having allegedly made another return based on the arguments falsely ascribed to her husband's book (which the IRS promptly and correctly honored with a complete refund).

In order to get a conviction after the first trial ended in a hung jury, prosecutor and judge lied to the jury in open court about the contents of a relevant statute even while holding the text of the statute in their hands; admitted false evidence into the record; and instructed the jury to deliberate under an instruction that the unlawfulness or unconstitutionality of an order is not a defense to a charge of contempt for refusing to obey it, among much else.

ARE YOU GETTING THE PICTURE?! What I have revealed about the income tax is UNDISPUTEDLY CORRECT. The income tax REALLY DOESN'T fall on most people's earnings!! The government knows this, admits this, and honors this. Its only recourse in defense of its 80-year-old scheme to conceal this people-liberating, state-restraining truth and exploit the resulting ignorance is in pretense and corruption.

I'm sure you see the significance of all this. Anyone who learns what I have revealed can and will STOP FINANCING THE EMPIRE, and thereby SHUT DOWN THE EMPIRE. With the law on his/her side!

That is, anyone who learns what I have revealed will shrink the external behemoth which terrorizes and destabilizes the rest of the world. They will also shrink the internal police state that has more people imprisoned than any other nation on the planet; spies on everyone in violation of the law; dictates what size toilet everyone must buy; imposes regulations by which competitors of favored cronies are kept out of business; insulates sclerotic barnacles from the just consequences of their bad practices at the expense of what otherwise would be a truly healthy and vigorous economy; and on and on.

In short, this revelation invokes every single American's INDIVIDUAL SELF-INTEREST (an immediate ~40% boost in earnings) ON BEHALF OF CRUSHING LEVIATHAN.

This revelation also invokes every American's SENSE OF OUTRAGE (at having been ripped off for vast amounts of wealth over his or her entire working life) ON BEHALF OF CRUSHING LEVIATHAN.

Nothing can stop that crushing from happening-- as long as enough Americans become aware of the truth about the tax.

Further, this revelation, more than anything else possible, awakens everyone learning it to a mature understanding of the true relationship between citizen and state, with corresponding political benefits to complement the practical realities of a state much diminished in power and influence due to the fiscal effects of the revelation.

BUT THE WINDOW OF OPPORTUNITY to leverage this knowledge and transform America back to her roots as a small-government Constitutional republic is short-lived. The beneficiaries of the long-running "ignorance tax" scheme are not going to let it end without a struggle, as long as it is only known to too few Americans to force their hand.

While they can, those beneficiaries will strive to hedge their lies about, further and further, with actually inapt or fraudulently-based judicial outcomes designed to mislead the uninformed and to be difficult to penetrate and expose.

They will strive to perfect and expand intimidatory and disinformational artifacts they are struggling to develop as defenses against the truth, such as the bogus "frivolous positions" list discussed above and the myriad lie-riddled troll sites scattered across the internet and designed to pop up in search engine results whenever information is sought about me or my work.


I SO much hope you have made it this far. I hope you now understand why I have been knocking on your door (so to speak) for so long.

All that is needed to transform this country as you and I both long to do is to inform enough Americans of the truth about the tax. You have a big enough voice to do this, either alone or in combination with others like yourself.

FINALLY, let me endeavor to forestall cognitive sticking points that long experience has shown me often arise in the minds of those being exposed to all this.

My work has nothing to do with Irwin Schiff or anyone else. All such theorists, as good-hearted as many have been and as well-known, in some cases, have also been wrong in their notions, one way or another.

The same is true of all notions currently flogged in the tax honesty community, some of which you may have encountered, including things like the notion that tax is citizenship- or residency-based in some way, or is unconstitutional, or arises because of filing returns, or only applies to certain kinds of people, etc., etc..

A collection of debunks of many of these flawed notions (ranging from sort-of-forgivable misunderstandings to bat-sh*t crazy gibberish the peddlers themselves have to know are false) can be found here, if you are interested.

But I beg you to not let yourself be distracted by any exploration of that sort at this point. PLEASE let me know you got this, and PLEASE step up and help me get this liberating information out in the biggest way possible, to the enormous benefit of us all.


-Pete Hendrickson



*I MENTIONED ABOVE that everyone should feel free-- and I mean, "encouraged"-- to preface my letter with their own introduction. I'm going to share one such introduction with which a stalwart warrior for the truth began his forward of my "open letter" to one of the people on the list.

Though this one is long, it is very powerful, and there is no particular length that is best or worst. The spirit of the thing is what counts, and it is that expressions of spirit here that I want to share in the hope it will inspire others.

Dear Ms. ____;

The letter below is from Mr. Peter Hendrickson, and is self-explanatory. I have known Mr. Hendrickson for 15 years or so. I have read his book many, many times, and like most who are first exposed to the truth therein, I was at first skeptical, then afraid, then angry, and, finally, determined. For the last 2 Tax years I have received a complete and accurate refund of ALL money withheld, including FICA and Medicare withholdings, and received refunds from both the Federal and State (Michigan) government, including a modest interest payment from Michigan. I have also been subjected to the "frivolous return" gambit described below, since denied, and resolved with no further communication from IRS. In short, madame, what you will learn is the absolute, lawful truth about the true nature of the Federal Income Tax. It is not what you have been taught, and its true nature has been adjudicated numerous times by the Federal Courts.

I know you are a busy woman, and I suspect you receive many solicitations from various "experts" and "advocates" of one position or another. And, in truth I could hardly blame you should you decide to ignore this as well. But my personal story is absolutely true, and I can and will provide proof. It is but one of hundreds of thousands, as referenced below, and you will find their proof as well; you need only look.

Like you, I, one of many, struggle with the shameful degradation of what used to be America. I am old enough to remember a far different place, and struggle daily to help in the restoration of what we were given a quarter millennium ago. The answer is, I believe, not only the near-elimination of the unlawful gains realized by Leviathan, but a true awakening of the people of America as to the depth and breadth of the perfidy foisted upon them. Should this happen, even if it but begins, we will not need a Donald Trump to sacrifice his life, we will have all we need; a knowledgeable, wide-awake populace that understands, finally, what they must do to restore and maintain the America of our dreams. And the depths to which unprincipled men will self-reduce in search of power through control of personal wealth, and naked fear.

I ask you, Madame, truly and sincerely; take the time to read this. Take the time to actually study what he says, research, on your own, the cites, the statutes, all of it.

You will not regret it, ever. I most certainly do not, for I, like hundreds of thousands more, am at last free. Join us. Help us; We can do this.

With respect, and continuing intent I am


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The "Ignorance Tax", CtC, And The Survival Of Western Civilization

The culture war hinges on who raises our children, and the misapplication of the income tax dictates the decision.

SO, DID EVERYONE ENJOY my little video? I hope so. I know I've been working that 'Ophelia's Blues' soundtrack a bit hard in recent years, but I'm hoping no one is too tired of it yet (and this time I got to mix it up a bit with that oh-so-appropriate 'Plantation Blues' snippet for the Day Care scene...).

In any event it's not, of course, a film meant to entertain. So, more than enjoy it, I hope everyone understood my point.

Just to be sure, here it is in a nutshell: The "ignorance tax" forces parents to abandon their children to the hive for a good part of their upbringing, especially during the most influential times in a child's life. This means that the planting and nurturing by each child's own indescribably-invested parents of the perspectives and individuality which are the basic building blocks of Western Civilization-- which was the experience of previous generations-- is replaced with an upbringing largely at the hands of commercially- and/or politically-shaped institutional "person".

I'M NOT SAYING THAT the "hired help" to which those children are turned over day after day are not nice enough people. The "hired help" may well be the sort of warm and congenial folks who will be looked back on by their charges years later with great affection.

The "hired help" may even genuinely strive to do their best in the genuine interests of each child in their care. But the "hired help" will be dominated in those efforts by the rigid requirements of political correctness. I don't mean that as a laugh line, but in recognition that those operating in a public milieu of the sort of which I speak must theoretically strive for value-neutrality, and in practice, "value-neutrality" means whatever the current political atmosphere deems to be proper. (See this for some extended discussion of that dynamic.)

It's simple, and invariably true: No public school teacher or commercial day-care provider is going to be anything but abjectly subordinate to the politically-dominant cultural Kool-Aid de jour. Their livelihoods are at stake, and they will inevitably put that consideration ahead of even what otherwise might be seen as the best interests of those in their care (or they will quickly be replaced by someone else who does so).

INDEED, EVEN JUST THE PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT of institutional child-care militates against the building blocks of Western Civilization. Western Civilization has as its core values the primacy of the individual, and the decentralization of power. Both are alien to not only the legally-imposed institutional mindset, but to its mundane implementation, as well.

Institutional child-care is invariably a group milieu. Further, it is authoritarian by necessity and preference in a way completely different from the loving authority exercised by parents in regard to their own children.

In their homes kids abide by rules and procedures which have been generated organically with their own participation and which are customized to their own personalities. In institutional settings they are fitted to Procrustean beds, generated mechanically and designed in a "lowest common denominator" mode.

ALL-IN-ALL, kids are better off personally when in the direct care of their parents. Really, this hardly needs to be said.

But though it is less obvious, it is just as true that the culture over which those kids will in time exercise influence is also much safer when its future is being constructed by loving parents to whom the state (which is the organ of the hive) and its fashions do not dictate, but who, very much to the contrary, are authorities against, and in competition with, the hive/state.

CtC frees parents from the parasite of the "ignorance tax" extractions and allows them to keep all that they earn, rather than each send up to 40% away to be spent by others (all told, with FICA and state extractions included with the normal federal bite). This makes it possible for families to resume their noble role as guardians of Western Civilization.

Without such guardians, our cradle culture, which brought us to the historical pinnacle of freedom, prosperity and human dignity, has many fewer safeguards, and much resulting vulnerability. We can see the result of that loss all around us. (I'll forego discussion here of the other side of the "ignorance tax" extraction by which the $trillions snookered away from those who don't owe it is spent directly assaulting the political and cultural sinews of Western Civilization. But those interested can see some words on that here, here, here and, a bit more obliquely, here.)

SO, DO YOU KNOW ANY REAL CONSERVATIVES? Not Paul Ryan or Donald Trump "conservatives", but actual partisans for the principles of our founding-- Knights of The Enlightenment, as it were? Share these thoughts with them.

Maybe understanding this aspect of the truth about the tax will inspire them to bestir themselves. They will already be acutely aware of the peril, and lack only an understanding of the chief cause, and the easy solution already at hand.

"The duty of a patriot is to protect his country from its government."

-Thomas Paine

NOTE: This article is permalinked here.

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American Islamophobia's Fake Facts

Their "Proof" Is Not What They Say

by Arnold Isaacs

Anti-Muslim activists in the United States were operating in a “post-truth era” and putting out “alternative facts” long before those phrases entered the language. For the last decade they have been spreading provable falsehoods through their well-organized network of publications and websites.

A major theme of those falsehoods is telling the U.S. public that Islam is inherently dangerous and that American Muslims, even if they do not embrace extremist religious beliefs or violent actions, are still a threat to national security. To back up that conclusion, the well-funded Islamophobia publicity machine incessantly repeats two specific assertions.



A Nice $97,271.45 Federal Refund

With about $980.99 in interest for the agency delay while it tried to resist the claim...

IT'S NOT NORMALLY MY PRACTICE to post single victories in a newsletter article. But I'm making an exception today to ensure that the very compelling victory below doesn't escape anyone's attention.

Why compelling? Well, to begin with this refund is BIG.

It's also from a filing which is both 4852 and 1099-rebuttal rich, and one that was especially heavily-vetted. This thing went through not only the usual gauntlet but also pre-issuance challenges to the amount of withholding claimed and to the claimants' identities.

Then there's the nearly $1,000 in interest added on to make up for the delays occasioned by the especially-attentive vetting...

All in all, this refund is a great illustration of the fact that whatever its officials may pretend to the contrary by word, deed or dodge, the United States knows and agrees that what is revealed in 'Cracking the Code- The Fascinating Truth About Taxation In America' (CtC) IS the truth about the income tax in America:

NOW, ISN'T THAT NICE TO LOOK AT? Plainly, Stephen and Isabelle's refund of everything withheld from them in 2017-- FICA included, of course-- is worthy of attention.

But let me take pains to make sure this is clearly understood: EVERY victory is great, and worthy of attention and celebration, no matter the amount. This great refund is only worthy of special attention for one single reason: It is unusually compelling evidence to share, share, share with others not yet exposed to CtC, or even with those whose faces are averted in denial, or who are playing troll in the peanut gallery.

So, please, people, do those things! Here is a permanent link to this victory post.

Rock the world of all your friends and acquaintances!!

SLAP anyone (figuratively speaking, of course)-- be it a "professional", an "official" or your grumpy Uncle Fred-- who dares to dispute you or who trembles in fearful paralysis as conditioned to do so by the "ignorance tax" schemers whose gig you will just have proven a fraud.

Supplement with this and this once you've used Stephen and Isabelle's compelling victory (with or without that figurative slap) to get your audience's focused attention.

A diligent, protracted effort right now with all hands on deck can get a LOT done. Make it so!

"It does not take a majority to prevail... but rather an irate, tireless minority, keen on setting brushfires of freedom in the minds of men."

-Samuel Adam

AND BTW, JOIN ME IN A SALUTE TO STEPHEN AND ISABELLE!! They are tuck-pointing the tattered brickwork in the rule of law on which we all rely to shield us from arbitrary power, and draining the swamp at the same time. Hats off to them both!!

Stephen and Isabelle's fine victory joins those of the tens of thousands of other awakened and activated Americans represented here. Each constitutes another critical step toward the restoration of the Founders republic and the true rule of law.

Don't you wish your victories were proudly posted, too?

It's easy. Stand up on behalf of the law, and then share the evidence.

That's all there is to it!

"Like a muddied stream or a polluted fountain is the righteous man who gives way before the wicked."

-Proverbs 25:26


"A nation of sheep begets a government of wolves."

-Edward R. Murrow

NOTE: This article is permalinked here.

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Four Questions For Brett Kavanaugh

A little Constitutional-fidelity test for Donald Trump's latest Supreme Court nominee.


A Question For All Federal Candidates This Year

An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure...


Newsletters Are Now Being Archived

By popular demand...


Donald Trump Has Handed The CtC Community A HUGE Opportunity

However, urgent immediate action is required. Please don't let this gift slip away, people!!!

WANTED: Help setting up "push notifications" from zons.com.

Are you an IT person who can help? Email me, please.


A Pair Of Old And Useful Windows On Current Events In The Middle East

Reaching into the past for information thwarts the agenda of present-day "fake news" mongers.


"Section 83" Nonsense


The Entire Legal And Practical Truth About The Income Tax In Three Short Sentences

Focus on these simple points and you can teach anyone the truth about the tax.

1. The income tax is an excise.

2. Excise taxes are taxes on the gainful exercise of privileges.

3. You probably didn't earn your money by exercising any taxable privilege (or earned very little that way).

Inarguable (and nowhere disputed) proof of the first two statements above can be found concisely spelled-out in this little 7-page document. Whether the third is true for any particular person can be determined by consulting this guide to understanding "income-taxable privilege".



"Tax Honesty" BS Is What Had Doreen In Prison

...just as much as does official corruption.


Now, THIS Is What I'm NOT Talking About!!

A simple way for everyone to get a lot done, fast, that no one is doing.

SO, MONTHS AGO I posted the following on this page (and it has remained here ever since):

IF EVERY STATE GROUP (or anyone else) were to devote some time and effort to scheduling and hosting presentations of this video to CPA and legal firms, a whole lot of good could be done in a very short order.

The requirements are simple. Book an hour with the chosen firm, with the understanding that all professional staff will be assembled for the presentation. A thoughtful introduction should make this inexpensive and easy.

Explain that all you are asking for is an opportunity to show a video in which some facts about the income tax are revealed on the basis of which tens of thousands of Americans have recovered $billions from the IRS and three dozen state tax agencies over the course of more than 14 years now, by way of a quarter of a million claims made with the tax agencies, and even in the face of agency resistance of several different kinds.



A Wise Warrior On What's Really At Stake


DON DON LA VIGNE, a long-time warrior and real American grown-up, shares a nice and inspiring testimonial on what CtC has done for him for over nine years now:


"Like a muddied stream or a polluted fountain is the righteous man who gives way before the wicked."

-Proverbs 25:26


"A nation of sheep begets a government of wolves."

-Edward R. Murrow


(Click on Saruman to see what he means...)


See Who's Really Been Lying About The Tax


Daft And Despicable Deniers

What the hell is wrong with these people?!


CAN YOU EVEN IMAGINE how abysmally stupid someone would have to be to continue to doubt or deny that CtC has revealed the actual, complete and insurmountable truth about the income tax in light of the overwhelming mountain of historical, legal, practical and logical evidence to the contrary? (Not to mention the outright lies and even ludicrous hoaxes the executive and some corrupt members of the judiciary have been caught at in desperate efforts to conceal the truth...)

Plainly any such denier must either be abysmally stupid or be an abysmally corrupt government official or other person who sees him or herself as benefitting from the lies about the tax by which America has suffered for 75 years now. Isn't this true?



A Few Good Folks With Good and Important Things To Say:

Find this film on YouTube at youtu.be/K0CYo57I3ks


How Do You Know When The State Is Lying?

An old joke, but in regard to this deceiver, not a laughing matter at all.

““When principles that run against your deepest convictions begin to win the day, then battle is your calling, and peace has become sin; you must, at the price of dearest peace, lay your convictions bare before friend and enemy, with all the fire of your faith.

-Abraham Kuyper


Assessing The Damage From The Misapplication Of The Income Tax

Man, are Americans getting ripped off...!


Looking For A Litigator Who Wants To Do Well While Doing Good

THE FOLLOWING DOCUMENT presents details of a long-running (and still-ongoing) violation of the speech, conscience and due-process rights of two Americans. The offenses, in a nutshell, involve a federal district court attempting to dictate to these two folks-- word for word-- sworn "testimony" they are ordered to make in a legal contest with the government.

Click the link below to read the brief. You'll find it thoroughly supported with relevant testimony by the chief perpetrator and other similarly unambiguous exhibits.

The Civil Rights Lawsuit Documentation

"Power concedes nothing without a demand. It never did and it never will. Find out just what any people will quietly submit to and you have the exact measure of the injustice and wrong which will be imposed on them, and these will continue till they have been resisted with either words or blows, or with both. The limits of tyrants are prescribed by the endurance of those whom they suppress."

-Frederick Douglass

"It does not take a majority to prevail... but rather an irate, tireless minority, keen on setting brushfires of freedom in the minds of men."

-Samuel Adams


"A slave is one who waits for someone to come and free him."

-Ezra Pound


A Michigan Version Of The "Watching The Watchmen" Amendment Has Been Proposed


Did you know…

 …The US may be the only country in the world where people working in the non-federal private sector must commit perjury in order to owe and pay ‘God’s things to Caesar’?

If you work in the private sector, stop falsely swearing that your private-sector earnings are federal “income”1.  Perjury is a crime.  Exercise the law’s provision for protecting your private-sector earnings from the 154-year-old2 indirect excise known as the federal income tax.  Rebut fraudulent allegations made by your payers regarding the legal nature of your work and the earnings derived therefrom, so that you pay only your fair share.  Join the hundreds of thousands of honest, law-abiding Americans who have been doing so for more than a decade.  Learn how for free at losthorizons.com.

1--“We must reject… …the broad contention submitted in behalf of the government that all receipts—everything that comes in—are income…”.

United States Supreme Court, So. Pacific v. Lowe, 247 U.S. 330, (1918)

2—The income tax in the United States was first instituted into law on July 1, 1862, during Lincoln’s presidency under the excise laws of the United States.   The preamble to the 1939 Internal Revenue Code traces its roots to this original income tax law.


Get this flyer as a printable .pdf here

Get this flyer as a multi-piece printable .pdf here


Poisonous Pieties

Now click here to learn the truth about the myths that have kept you from knowing the truth about the income tax


Trolls Against The Truth: A Dis-Information Campaign

UNLESS YOU'VE LOOKED, you can have no idea of the volume, intensity and mendacity deployed in the government's efforts to discourage Americans from learning what is revealed in CtC. It's truly astonishing.

A lot of folks are aware of the show-trial events in which my wife and I have received state-engineered public beatings meant to scare people away from the truth about the "ignorance tax" scam. But many are unaware of the overall campaign. This is a shame, really, because a focused propaganda effort like this one is a very powerful acknowledgement of the significance of CtC's revelations.

While the majority of Americans do not yet know how CtC protects them from the vampire state, the vampire itself certainly does. Dis-information campaigns like this one make that very clear.


FORMER CBS REPORTER SHERYL ATKISSON describes some aspects of this sort of dis-information campaign in the following video. Despite the annoying preliminary 15 seconds or so of advertising, her presentation is very much worth watching:

(H/T to Greg Belcher for finding and forwarding this great presentation.)

Losthorizons.com is one of those websites specifically-targeted by the corrupt interests at Wikipedia described by Atkisson. The behind-the-scenes folks at that site won't allow links on their pages to anything posted at losthorizons.com, nor even just text corrections of misinformation in their pages about the income tax.

That's the least of it. Click here for some specific discussion of the enormous scare campaign that's been actively spreading false information in hope of discouraging legitimate media attention, as well as men and women simply seeking the truth about the tax and liberty from the scourge of the "ignorance tax".

PLEASE GIVE SOME SERIOUS THOUGHT to the fact that YOU being secure in your own freedom rests on others learning the truth as well, and recognize that it falls to you to help overcome the dis-information campaign. Post and share your videos; share your victories; help silence the agents-provocateur and distraction-injectors whose nonsense is discussed and debunked here; and widely (and frankly, impatiently) share this page, this page and this page, challenging everyone in your address book to disconnect the phone and the TV for an afternoon and get educated.

Doing these things will be what makes it happen, Cap'n.

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An Excellent New Video About The Government Effort To Suppress CtC Has Hit YouTube!

DEREK CUSHMAN HAS POSTED a powerful presentation on government lies, propaganda and misinformation about CtC designed to discourage more Americans from reading the book and getting free of the misadministration of the tax:

You can also find this film on YouTube at https://youtu.be/V3_MViZDvo0 and on Vimeo at https://vimeo.com/175424277.

Watch it and share it, folks. This film will help a lot of people who have been taken in by the lies understand how they've been manipulated, and prompt a proper desire to learn the truth about the tax.

Well done, Derek!

P.S. If there were a thousand videos out there debunking government lies and encouraging Americans to learn the truth like this one does, the "ignorance tax" scheme would collapse in a month. So, where's yours?


Please Help losthorizons.com Be As Effective As Possible!

OVER THE LAST FEW YEARS I've heard from a number of folks that a firewall known as "Comodo" blocks access to this website. This is apparently a glitch in that program. This site is safe, as can be seen by going here.

Please share this info with others in your own address book so it gets around-- obviously those suffering the ill effects of this defect in Comodo won't be able to see it here themselves until they go into their firewall settings and manually whitelist losthorizons.com.

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WANTED! Your Article!!

Sharpen those quills, people!

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Why Aren't People Suing?



More Educated Americans Testify, Showing Why The Deep State Fears CtC

"If the taxpayers of this country ever discovered that we operate on 98% bluff, the entire system will collapse."

-Reported remark by an internal revenue service officer to Sen. Henry E. Bellmon (R. Okla.) on April 15, 1971.


"The Tax Code represents the genius of legal fiction...  The IRS has never really known why people pay the income tax... The IRS encourages voluntary compliance, through FEAR."

-Jack Warren Wade Jr., former IRS officer in charge of the IRS Nationwide Revenue Officer Training Program, in his book ‘When You Owe The IRS’

CtC-EDUCATED, AMERICAN HERITAGE-LOVING grown-up Don La Vigne shares his testimony here. Tom Romin shares his testimony here. Greg Sutton shares his here. Enjoy Robert Harvey's testimony here. Don's, Tom's and Greg's and Robert's words, like those of others that can be found here, are solid examples of why the Deep State fears CtC.

It's this simple: If you study CtC you will know the truth about the tax. Further, you will know that you know the truth, beyond any doubt.

ONLY CtC will give you that certainty, because CtC is exclusively and uniquely complete and correct, as can be seen by any of thousands of different acknowledgements of every possible kind, from this to this to this to this.

Most telling, in its own way, is the government robotically resorting for years now to the strawman of falsely ascribing to CtC the ridiculous arguments that "wages are not income" and that only federal, state and local government workers are subject to the tax. This false ascription is then used as the basis for claiming the book is "false and frivolous"-- a lame and transparent dodge begging the question of why the state won't acknowledge what the book REALLY says and then attempt to dispute THAT.

Once you know the truth revealed in CtC, acting in accordance with that truth WILL liberate you from being an ignorance tax serf. This, the deep state fears mightily.

LIKE HENRY BELLMON WAS TOLD, the "ignorance tax" scheme relies on bluff-- pretending that the truth is what the government suggests that it is (despite what the law and the courts and every other authority have actually been saying about it for 150 years). And like Jack Warren Wade, Jr. says, the scheme relies on fear-- doing everything possible to make people afraid to act on their scheme-shattering knowledge of the truth.

In short, the "ignorance tax" scheme can only survive if Americans can be bluffed into not seeking out the truth, and if those who learn that truth can be discouraged from acting on that truth.

But those who know the truth, and know they know the truth, cannot not act.

Acting on the truth is a moral imperative, as well as a legal imperative.

The undaunted actions of those who know the truth are "calls" against the bluff. Each "call" ratchets-up the spread of the truth exponentially and forces state acknowledgement of that truth, one way or another; and each such acknowledgment takes America one step closer to freedom from the 75-year state-unleashing, people-restraining "ignorance tax" scheme.

And THAT's why the deep state fears CtC.

"Be the change you want to see in the world."

-Mohandas Gandhi

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A New Policy

I HAVE DONE MY BEST to lead this country to liberty from the mis-applied income tax. I have labored hard. I've shed a lot of sweat, a fair bit of blood and more than a few tears. But I seem to be pretty poor at that kind of work.

When I have asked all of you for what I firmly believe is a necessary resource to move the ball downfield and give all of us the best chance at justice and an end to the assault on the rule of law-- simple testimonial videos requiring nothing from any of you but the phone in your pocket and three minutes of speaking from the heart-- I have had only a handful of people answer my call.

I CAN'T KEEP GOING THIS WAY. I have to be able to turn my attention away from writing new persuasive or skepticism-addressing articles week after week, and toward research, analysis and educational presentations that will benefit everyone already in this community. I need time to do some suing, and to bring together the resources and talent toward that end.

As said, it is my firm belief that your testimonial videos are the resource that I need to make big things happen, and they are unquestionably the thing I need to allow me to turn my attention away from trying to get horses to drink at the waterhole to which I have led them. Your words, in your great numbers and all in your own different ways, will do that better than anything I write possibly could.

And yet, you are not providing them. This, despite my having been asking you for them for many years now.

Therefore, with enormous reluctance, I am making portions of this website restricted access only. People have been urging me to do this for years now, telling me I should impose a charge to access my work-product, so as to enable me to keep producing.

I have never been inclined to charge fees for access. I ask for donations, and will continue to do that, and if they do not come, then I will conclude that my work is of no value to anyone, and I will close shop.

But I now WILL charge a special something for access to some key portions of that work-- testimonial videos, as discussed, described and demonstrated here.

SELECTED PAGES CONSTITUTING primarily "legal resources" pages now require passwords for access, and to get a password, I need your video. Similarly, if an email comes my way asking for guidance or assistance, it had best have a video attached, if I don't already have yours posted.

I hate to play it this way, but I want to win.

I'll tell you a story from when I was coaching my kids in soccer. Both of my kids at a certain age in their careers had run into a wall common to all but the very exceptional. They had gotten to be pretty good, and they wanted to enjoy the benefits of their hard work. But the arrival of this interest coincided with a new self-consciousness which made them reluctant to risk failing and looking foolish. So, they were hanging back from seizing the main chance when it appeared, and driving for the goal.

My solution was to post on the wall of our dining room a couple of simple points about self-discipline, the chief of which is this: You can't score a goal if you don't take a shot.

That's how it is here, too. If you don't stand up, you are laying down, and you'll never score that goal.

Here is what my kids live by now, in their own version of that lesson. I hear it from them all the time as they excel (accompanied by the sound of a father's breast swelling with pride): Go hard, or go home.

You, too. Go hard, or go home. Send those videos.

Do I ask for a lot? I want your victories to post, your financial support, your efforts at spreading the word, and your beautiful faces and inspiring words, too. It IS a lot.

But I'll let Thomas Paine explain:

"Tyranny, like hell, is not easily conquered; yet we have this consolation with us, that the harder the conflict, the more glorious the triumph. What we obtain too cheaply, we esteem too lightly. Heaven knows how to put a proper price on its goods; and it would be strange indeed, if so celestial an article as freedom should not be highly rated.”

Fear nothing but God.

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Give Yourself A 30% Raise: A New Flyer


What Makes YOU A Warrior For The Truth?

We each have our reasons, and our story. It's time, and it's needed, for you to share yours with the world.


"The day we see truth and do not speak is the day we begin to die."

-Martin Luther King, Jr.

What does it for you?

Is it simply because no moral and upstanding person has any choice when it comes to telling the truth over his or her signature, whether on tax forms or anywhere else?

Is it recognition of the critical importance of the rule of law, and the knowledge that if everybody leaves its caretaking to someone else, it will soon be lost to us completely?

Is it the money?

Maybe it's just simple respect for your own rights as a human being, who is not and cannot be not involuntarily subordinated to others?

Maybe it's just simple respect for your general civic responsibility to be the grown-up and enforce frugality and restraint on a big, powerful creature of our own devising which otherwise is like a badly-raised teenage boy given whiskey and car keys and let loose on the road to wreak havoc?

Or is it, perhaps, a more acute anxiety that if our bonfire of a state isn't damped, and quickly, it'll soon burn down the house around us all?

What IS it that firms up your jaw and stiffens your resolve?

It's time to take off the bushel and share your light!

I would like you to think about what it is that motivates you for a few moments (or all day, if you like), and then send me your thoughts. I want to put YOUR reasons to work inspiring folks who don't yet understand what this is all about.

In this day and age, the most effective way for you to share your thinking for the benefit of others is to video-record yourself talking about how you feel, and explaining what inspires and motivates YOU.

All you need is a webcam or cell-phone equipped with a camera. If you don't have, or know how to use, one of these, have a friend help.

If needed, write a little script for yourself. Better, though, to just speak extemporaneously, after spending a little time sorting out your thoughts and getting down into your heart. Perhaps make it a video of someone in your family, or a close friend, interviewing you.

Dress "business casual". Be well-groomed.

Keep yourself to no more than 2 or 3 minutes, and keep in mind that the purpose is not to educate, but to INSPIRE, ENCOURAGE and ENERGIZE. Your video will be one of many to be shared.

You needn't feel any obligation to be profound, and you shouldn't try to explain anything about the law, other than to say that you have read it and you know it's on your side. You just need to be sincere, and uplifting. Your object is to make your audience want to have what you have, and to be where you are in your heart.

Keep in mind that you're speaking to an audience that doesn't yet know ANYTHING about the subject, and whose first reaction is, "This must be illegal; this must be dangerous; this is too good to be true." You want to pull that audience right past such things, and straight to a focus on truth, morality, and our American heritage of liberty and the rule of law.


Speak about rights. Speak about morality, and the obligation of a grown-up and responsible person to speak the truth and to enforce the Constitution. Speak about everyone's duty to give to God what is God's, always, and to Caesar only what is really Caesar's. Speak of your obligation to respect yourself, and to look out for the current and future well-being of your children and your fellow citizens. Speak of CtC, and what its information has done for your understanding and resolve. Show the book.

If you have had victories, describe them. Better still, show them, if possible.

Be clear about just what you accomplished: EVERYTHING back-- Social Security, Medicare and all; a "notice of deficiency" closing notice; an on-paper agreement or acknowledgment that your earnings weren't subject to the tax and everything withheld or paid-in was an "overpayment"; a transcript showing all $0s; or whatever happened.

When you speak of state victories, name the state. If you had to overcome balkiness from a tax agency before winning any victory, describe that, too!

If you're in a battle now, speak of your resolve to uphold the law, come what may. If you haven't yet begun to act, speak of your decision to do so, and your plans.

Remember, your purpose is to INSPIRE, ENCOURAGE and ENERGIZE.

If you're dealing with ongoing balkiness, describe that, too, if you wish-- but be sure to explain why you're not discouraged, and why you are not standing down, not slinking back into the barn, and not choosing to endorse the lies.

Mention what you do for a living, whether you're a doctor, homemaker, lawyer, trucker, IT guy or gal, or a retiree or student. Help people understand that the company of grown-up activist Americans they are being invited to join cuts across all demographics and all interests-- with the common denominator being respect for the law and love of the principles on which this great country was founded.

This is your chance to get a LOT accomplished.

We've all had frustrating occasions of trying to explain all this to a friend, neighbor, family member or co-worker, only to pile up against the wall of a mind not yet ready to listen and learn. Here is your chance to address a self-selected audience of folks who have themselves decided that it's time for them to begin paying attention, and have clicked on your testimonial for exactly that reason.

Further, think about this: You want judges, bureaucrats, CPAs, lawyers, the HR people where you work, your pastors, your neighbors and everyone else to acknowledge the truth about the tax openly and straightforwardly. How and why would these folks do this if YOU won't?

You want these folks to learn the truth. Why would they even recognize that there is a truth to be learned if you won't attest to having learned it yourself? You've got to stand up, face forward and chin up and tell these folks that you have studied and checked and verified and seen the evidence and seen the government evasions and you know that the tax is not the capitation that the beneficiary government wants everyone to think it is but a benign, but strictly limited thing, and that they need to study and learn that, too.

Again, if you have victories to show, that's nice, and powerful, too. But you don't have to have victories to display in order to declare your knowledge of what the law says. I've never flown around the world, but I've seen the evidence and considered the arguments, and I'm not hesitant to declare it a sphere...

Even those of you who haven't yet studied CtC have surely read this short document, and have verified everything in it for yourself. You should therefore be declaring its veracity and its message, loud and proud. Again, if you won't say it, how can you hope that others will ever even bother to look at the facts?

Be the change you want to see in the world, or there won't be any change.

So, please make and send those videos right away! You can share them with me via a cloud-based drive space like OneDrive.Live.com or GoogleDrive, or mail DVDs to me at 232 Oriole St., Commerce Twp., Michigan 48382, or even email to me if each file is no more than 20 megs (and you can break a video up if need be-- I can reassemble them). Render as .mpg or mp4, if possible; if not, send them how you have them and I'll make them work.

Remember, the restoration of institutional respect for individual rights and the rule of law depends on enough individuals insisting upon it. Do your part to let those starting to rub the sleep from their eyes know that there is a community already waiting for their fellowship with open arms and open hearts and shining spirits.

See how some of your fellow warriors for the truth have done their parts in videos sent over the years, many of which are posted here.

"It does not take a majority to prevail... but rather an irate, tireless minority, keen on setting brushfires of freedom in the minds of men."

-Samuel Adams

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The Crime of the Misapplied Income Tax


Was Grandpa Really A Moron?

Critical Inquiries for a New American Century

Bob’s Bicycles


Getting Free Of The "Income" Tax Scheme Is As Easy As Falling Off A Bike



To get an idea of how today's "income" tax scheme works, try this little exercise:


Think of the federal government as a guy named Bob, who lives down the street from you in a town that is really big on bicycles. Bikes get used for commuting, deliveries, shopping, etc.. In fact, other than walking, bicycles are the exclusive form of transportation in your town.

Your neighbor Bob has a by-the-mile bicycle-renting business-- "Bob's Bicycles". Bob's Bicycles is far and away the biggest business in town.

Part of Bob’s success is because he does a lot of contract business. However, Bob doesn't just get paid by riders who have signed an agreement with him, or even just those using Bob's bikes. Bob gets something every time anybody in town does any riding at all, through an odd combination of circumstances that took many years to come together.


Here's how it happened...


Bob's Bicycles was launched long ago by the great grandfather of the present Bob (Bob IV). Great Grandpa Bob started out not only with a main location for his contract business-- he also had the bright idea of setting up spots around town where he parked some of his bikes for use by the more occasional rider, on an "honor system". Anyone could take and use one of these bikes, but they were expected to keep track of their mileage, and send Bob a "1040 Mileage Ridden/Rent Due Form" (and the appropriate rent), periodically. The initial design of the form was like this:


I, ______________, rode a Bob's Bicycle a total of _____ miles this year.

At Bob's rental rate of $.15 per mile, I owe Bob $______


I said that Great Grandpa Bob planned to deal with these occasional riders on the "honor system", and that's true. But he liked his money, too, and didn't want to miss anything that was due him. So, after setting up the "self-serve" locations, Great Grandpa Bob went around handing out "W-2, 1099 or K-1 Rider Reporting Forms" to every other business in town. The forms-- accompanied by notices that if Bob didn't get his rent from someone riding a bicycle in connection with any business, he would sue the company involved-- said:


Click here to enjoy the rest of this illuminating little parable

(...and if you want to see a liberating transformation take place THIS YEAR, forward this file to everyone in your address book.)

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You Can’t Fight Well When You Don’t Know What You’re Fighting About

If you are having an argument with the IRS or any other tax agency,

  • You are NOT being presumed to have made “corporate profit”.

  • You are NOT being alleged to have received “foreign income”.

  • You are NOT entangled in an invisible “adhesion contract”.

  • You are NOT being obligated by a law whose subject is never identified.

You are being targeted because REAL EVIDENCE exists that YOU PERSONALLY HAD “INCOME” to which the revenue laws apply-- even though that evidence is almost certainly incorrect, and CAN be corrected.

There IS "A Law" By Which You Can Be Made Liable, And This Is How It Works

Now Learn How To Be Master Of The Situation

See the Proof

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Photographed on 1-70 in Missouri. America is waking up.


Do You Know What Happens When YOU Decide To "Let Someone Else Do It"?



"I am only one, but I am one. I cannot do everything, but I can do something. What I can do, I should do and, with the help of God, I will do."

-Everett Hale

(...and every other person who ever really deserved liberty)


"God grants liberty only to those who love it, and are always ready to guard and defend it."

-Daniel Webster


"A nation of sheep will beget a government of wolves."

-Edward R. Murrow





Get this graphic as a printable/postable/mailable .pdf

Browse other transformational-truth-spreading tools

Test Your "Income" Tax IQ!

CtC WARRIOR SanDiegoScott has put together a great little 20-question quiz to test your knowledge of the law regarding the United States "income" tax. Test yourself, test your friends and family! Test your accountant and tax attorney, and help them learn the liberating truth!!

Click here to take the test

Find more quizzes here

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CtC Videos And Audio Resources


"Never must thou take up a false cry, or join hands with the guilty by giving false witness in their favor. Never must thou follow with the crowd in doing wrong, or be swayed by many voices so as to give false judgment; even pity for the poor must not sway thee when judgment is to be given."

-Exodus 23:1-3


Doing A Little High-Payoff Math

IF EACH PERSON receiving this newsletter each week distributed as few as 100 of any of the great outreach tools featured here to co-workers, friends, neighbors and family members (or just strangers on the street, in the mall, etc...), we could have SEVERAL MILLION new Americans suddenly introduced to the liberating truth about the tax!

Just like that! In one week!

C'mon, people, let's roll on this!

“Most of the important things in the world have been accomplished by people who have kept on trying when there seemed to be no hope at all.”

‑Dale Carnegie

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Spread The Truth


A Few Tips For Making Best Use Of This WebSite



When directed to a page by topic or link, read everything.

I know that this can mean the investment of a lot of time, attention and effort, but although some may imagine otherwise, I don't write as much as I do because I can't think of any other way to spend my time...

Furthermore, when you encounter a hyperlink within, or associated with, the text you are reading, follow it!

It is pretty common these days for web-based material to be littered with hyperlinks. Sometimes the purpose is to provide definitions or examples, in order to ensure that folks reading the original material aren't presented with a word or reference which they don't understand. Sometimes the links lead to illustrations pertinent to the original text.

It is common-- and perfectly understandable-- for folks who are confident that they are familiar with language or references within the main text they are reading to get in the habit of skipping over included links. I do it all the time, myself!

However, I very rarely include links for definitional or explanatory purposes; and when I DO make a link out of text in one page it is generally to another self-contained page, rather than merely illustrative material. These other pages contain material the clear understanding of which I deem highly important for the proper and complete understanding of the original page. (Links to CtC, the Victories pages, CtC Warriors and so on are obvious exceptions to this general rule. On the other hand, a link to the victory Highlights or 'Every Which Way But Loose' pages, which might seem like such exceptions, are not. The special selection of victories on those pages, and the filed docs and tax-agency correspondences included therewith, themselves constitute highly instructive material which merits careful attention. Thus care needs to be taken in all cases.)

Please make a habit of clicking on all provided links and at least looking briefly to ensure that the linked page is one with which you are completely familiar from another study session.

Finally, please keep in mind that, annoying though it may seem at first blush (but not, I trust, upon reflection), I constantly tweak material already posted. Obviously this doesn't mean that every page is in flux at all times, but it does mean that if you are directed to a page that IS familiar, it's worthwhile to read it through again if it's been a while since your last having done so.


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"Those who will not reason, are bigots, those who cannot, are fools, and those who dare not, are slaves."

-George Gordon (Lord) Byron